论文

Multiwavelength campaign on the Super-Eddington NLS1 RX J0134.2-4258 - I. Peculiar X-ray spectra and variability

发布时间:2022-05-31

Jin, Chichuan; Done, Chris; Ward, Martin; Panessa, Francesca; Liu, Bo; Liu, Heyang


We have conducted a new long-term multiwavelength campaign on one of the most super-Eddington narrow-line Seyfert 1s (NLS1s) known, namely RX J0134.2-4258. In this first paper, we report deep simultaneous X-ray observations performed by XMM-Newton and NuSTAR on 2019 December 19, during which RX J0134.2-4258 was fortuitously at one of its lowest X-ray flux states. However, there is a clear rise above 4 keV which implies that the intrinsic source flux may be higher. The X-ray spectra observed between 1996 and 2019 show drastic variability, probably due to complex, variable absorption along the line of sight. Unusually, the soft X-ray excess appears extremely weak in all these spectra, even when the hard X-ray spectrum has a steep slope of Γ ≃ 2.2. We explore the spectral-timing properties of the new (low X-ray flux) and archival (high X-ray flux) XMM-Newton data, fitting their time-average, rms, and lag spectra simultaneously. The variability spectra indicate the presence of a very weak soft X-ray Comptonization component, whose shape is similar to the soft excess in normal super-Eddington NLS1s, but with flux relative to the power law which is lower by more than one order of magnitude. Above 4 keV the low-flux data are dominated by a different component, which lags with respect to the lower energy emission. This is consistent with an origin of reflection or partial covering absorption from low ionization material located within 100 R<SUB>g</SUB>. We interpret this as further indication of the presence of a clumpy disc wind.

 

https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022MNRAS.512.5642J

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