论文

Long-term Evolution of the Short-term X-Ray Variability of the Jetted TDE Swift J1644+57

发布时间:2022-05-31

Jin, Chichuan


The short-term X-ray variability of tidal disruption events (TDEs) and its similarities with that of active galactic nuclei are poorly understood. In this work, we show the diversity of TDEs' short-term X-ray variability, and take Swift J1644+57 as an example to study the evolution of various properties related to the short-term X-ray variability, such as the X-ray flux distribution, power spectral density (PSD), rms variability, time lag, and coherence spectra. We find that the flux distribution of Swift J1644+57 has a lognormal form in the normal state, but deviates from it significantly in the dipping state, thereby implying different physical mechanisms in the two states. We also find that during the first two XMM-Newton observations in the dipping state, Swift J1644+57 exhibited different variability patterns, which are characterized by steeper PSDs and larger rms than the normal state. A significant soft X-ray lag is detected in these two observations, which is ~50 s between 0.3-1 keV and 2-10 keV with a high coherence. Using the 2-10 keV rms of 0.10-0.50, the black hole mass of Swift J1644+57 is estimated to be (0.6\mbox{--}7.9)\times {10}^{6}{M}_{\odot }$ , but the variation of rms as the TDE evolves introduces a large uncertainty. Finally, we discuss the value of conducting similar studies on other TDEs, especially in the coming era of time-domain astronomy when a lot more TDEs will be discovered in X-rays promptly. This also heralds a significant increase in the demand for deep follow-up observations of X-ray selected TDEs with X-ray telescopes of large effective areas and long orbital periods.


https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2021ApJ...920...60J

附件下载 :